What to Know About Cataracts
You have probably heard of a cataract, but you may not know exactly what was is. Fortunately, our optometrist at Fletcher Family Eyecare in Jonesboro has all of the information you need about cataracts and how we can help.
What Are Cataracts?
A cataract occurs when you have clouding of the lens of one of your eyes. This clouding happens slowly and can eventually interfere with your ability to read, drive, or perform other common tasks.
Early on, you may not notice much of a difference in your vision. At this point, the haziness tends to only affect a small portion of your eye. However, as it enlarges, the clouding reduces the amount of light that can pass through to your retina. You may experience a variety of symptoms, such as clouded, dim, or blurry vision. You may notice that it becomes more difficult to drive at night. Your eyes may become sensitive to glare and light. You might even see "halos" around lights. Other signs of cataracts include:
- The need for brighter lights for up-close activities like reading
- Yellowing of colors
- Colors look faded
- Double vision in one eye
- Frequent changes in eyewear prescription
Why Cataracts Develop
A cataract tends to occur as you age, but it may also happen as the result of an injury. It occurs because there are changes in your eye's lens. Sometimes, it results from an inherited issue. However, surgery, a medical condition like diabetes, or using steroids for prolonged periods can promote the onset of a cataract.
When it occurs due to age, the lens in your eye becomes thicker and less transparent. It even decreases in flexibility. The tissue starts to break down and clump together, ultimately clouding the lens of your eye. The same thing happens when the cataract forms because of a medication or surgery. Cataracts tend to occur in both eyes. However, the severity does not tend to be the same in both eyes. You might have a huge difference between the vision in one eye from the other as a result.
Early on, our eye doctor will continue to update your eyewear prescription to ensure you can see clearly. Our eye doctor may also recommend at-home measures you can take to optimize your vision. As the condition worsens, we may recommend surgery to remove and replace the lens. Ultimately, cataracts can lead to legal or total blindness when left unaddressed. Fortunately, we can monitor and intervene when necessary.
Cataract Treatment in Jonesboro, AR
Cataracts are often difficult to detect without a professional examination of the eyes. If you think you may be affected by cataracts, call our team at Fletcher Family Eyecare today at (870) 930-9200 to schedule an eye exam with our optometrist.